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Shenzhen Tourism Bureau( http://www.szta.gov.cn/

Tourism economy

         Shenzhen tourism industry plays an important role in the national tourism industry and Shenzhen national economy. At present, the fixed assets of the tourism industry exceed 28 billion yuan, with 150000 direct employees. Tourism has become an important economic growth point and one of the important industries in Shenzhen's national economy. Since 1997, the total annual income of Shenzhen's tourism industry is equivalent to more than 15% of the city's annual GDP. According to the estimation of experts in this city, the added value of "big tourism" accounts for about 5-6% of GDP. Since 1997, Shenzhen's annual total tourism income and foreign exchange income have ranked among the top four major tourist cities in China, and the number of overnight overseas tourists has ranked top two in China for many years. In 2005, the city received 57.8229 million tourists, including 6.1645 million overnight overseas tourists and 1.024 million overnight foreigners; The total tourism income of the whole city is 42.001 billion yuan, of which the foreign exchange income of tourism is 2.009 billion US dollars, accounting for 1 / 18 of the total income of the national tourism industry and 1 / 14 of the National Tourism Foreign Exchange Income in the same period.

         The development of holiday tourism in Shenzhen is at the leading level in China. In 2005, Shenzhen received 7.914 billion yuan of tourism revenue in the three golden weeks of tourism, including 3.603 billion yuan of Spring Festival Golden Week, ranking first among the major tourist cities in China.

         The development of tourism in Shenzhen has greatly promoted the prosperity of Hong Kong's tourism industry. Shenzhen and Hong Kong have become each other's largest tourist market. At the same time, the rapid development of tourism has greatly promoted the improvement of Shenzhen's investment environment, the adjustment of industrial structure and the coordinated development of economy and society, stimulating domestic demand, stimulating consumption, promoting employment, promoting the construction of urban environment and spiritual civilization, establishing and displaying a good image of the city to the outside world, and further enhancing the popularity and reputation of the city.

Shenzhen Introduction

Night view of Shenzhen

Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, established in 1980, is the largest special economic zone in China except Hainan Province. Shenzhen is a "city of immigrants". Most of its population comes from other places. It is also a long and narrow city. It is 81.4 kilometers long from east to west, but only 10.8 kilometers from north to south.

         Shenzhen, a newly emerging city, is clean and beautiful with lush vegetation in all seasons. The local government has developed many tourist attractions according to local conditions, combining natural scenery with artificial buildings skillfully. It is worth mentioning that the development of artificial landscape in Shenzhen is quite successful. For this city which is relatively short of natural beauty, many excellent theme parks still make it a hot tourist spot.

         The historical origin of the "immigrant city": in the Song Dynasty, the Mongolian army marched southward. Zhao Bing, the little emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty, fled along the coast with his ministers, officers and soldiers from Hangzhou. After passing through Fujian, Shantou, Huizhou and other places, they fled to the Lingdingyang of the Pearl River Estuary. When they had no way out, the ministers jumped into the sea with the little emperor on their backs, while the adherents of the Song Dynasty fled to other places in the Shenzhen Bay, which was called henceforth called "Hakka", Shenzhen has become a small immigrant town. In the 1980s, Feng Dang, a foreigner from all over the world, has become a new generation of Shenzhen people.

         Shenzhen is a buffer zone of "social" and "capital" geographical location, and also a window or experimental field for China's reform and opening up and learning from the West. Therefore, political, economic, talent and cultural sectors enjoy many special policies. "Crossing the river by feeling the stone" and "special office of the Special Administrative Region" are the motto here.

Politics: The local legislation in Shenzhen is relatively independent, especially the laws and regulations, which are quite different from those in the mainland. Although the institutional setting is consistent with that of the state, the work contents and management methods are quite different. Foreign affairs, public security, personnel, finance, industry and Commerce operate independently on the premise of abiding by the basic laws of the state. This is a special policy gradually formed in the process of long-term opening up.

Economics: The mode of operation of the special economic zone is a pure market economy. The corporatization of banks, the internationalization of trust and the standardization of securities are all constructing a new financial system. The harmony between finance and taxation makes the salary and welfare of civil servants incomparable. Industrial and commercial regulation is more macro-control. There are many companies registered in the registration hall every day. A large number of commercial personnel holding Hong Kong Shenzhen long-term work visa cross the border every day.

Talent: High tech is the theme of Shenzhen, so the policy tends to be high-tech, including settlement, housing allocation, salary increase and training abroad.

Culture: In the media of Shenzhen, the information between Hong Kong and Shenzhen has always been in a state of fierce competition. From TV programs, CD-ROM distribution to newspapers and books, entertainment and news headlines, domestic and international current affairs inside the mainland and the three places have flooded in front of people. In addition, cable TV, the Internet and telephone have been used. Every family has become an information center. Shenzhen has no history, so people in Shenzhen only know to grasp the present and look to the future.

         When you travel to Shenzhen, you will undoubtedly feel half of capitalism. If you don't go abroad, you can experience the advantages and disadvantages of capitalism. It is a great credit to Shenzhen that people think more deeply and try to make China's road go faster and better.  

Shenzhen Citizen Center

On May 31, 2004, the building, which integrates the functions of administration, office, assembly and leisure, has a total construction area of 210000 square meters and a total investment estimate of 2.172 billion yuan. The huge building, including government office building, industrial exhibition hall, archives, museum, 2500 city hall, administrative office and culture hall, public etiquette hall, giant garage and other parts, will be officially opened. From then on, the bright five-star red flag will be raised in the square in front of the civic center every day.

Chen Haiming, deputy chief engineer of the Construction Office of the citizen center, said: "the functional distribution of the civic center from the architectural design to the interior of the building fully reflects the open and people-friendly government image of Shenzhen, and creates a city government image without walls. As a modern international city, Shenzhen will continue to be in the forefront of the country."

Comprehensive economy

In the past 26 years, Shenzhen's national economy has achieved great development. We have successively completed five five-year plans for the sixth five year plan, the Seventh Five Year Plan, the eighth five year plan, the ninth five year plan and the tenth five year plan. During the Eighth Five Year Plan period, Shenzhen's economy has entered a new stage of simultaneous improvement of economic growth and economic quality from the previous foundation. The main economic indicators have continued to grow rapidly, the economic benefits have been significantly improved, and the comprehensive economic strength has rapidly ranked in the forefront of large and medium-sized cities in China. During the Ninth Five Year Plan period, we actively supported high-tech industries, promoted the transformation and upgrading of industrial structure, formed a new pattern of economic development, and further improved the overall quality of the economy. During the 10th Five Year Plan period, Shenzhen conscientiously implemented the scientific outlook on development and various macro-control measures of the central government, highlighted the quality and efficiency of economic development, made great efforts to transform the mode of economic growth, and made great efforts to adjust the industrial structure. It has withstood the test of unfavorable factors at home and abroad, such as the world economic downturn and the sudden SARS epidemic. The national economy maintained rapid and healthy development and exceeded the quota The tasks defined in the 10th five year plan.
In 2005, the city's GDP reached 492.690 billion yuan, ranking the fourth among large and medium-sized cities in China; The per capita GDP is 60507 yuan, ranking first among large and medium-sized cities in China. According to the current exchange rate, the GDP is 60.931 billion US dollars and the per capita GDP is 7483 US dollars. The three industrial structure is 0.2 ∶ 52.4 ∶ 47.4.

Urban construction and environmental protection

Over the past 26 years, Shenzhen has built a large number of transportation, communication, energy and municipal facilities projects urgently needed for economic and social development, as well as industrial projects that drive the economic growth of the whole city. Shenzhen's urban construction has taken on a brand-new look and features, and its social production capacity has increased rapidly.

         Shenzhen has a modern three-dimensional transportation network and is a regional passenger and freight transportation center. In 2005, the freight volume of the whole society reached 98.0679 million tons, and the passenger volume was 129.0107 million people. The main arteries of Beijing Guangzhou and Beijing Kowloon Railway meet in Shenzhen. Shenzhen International Airport has opened 18 international routes and 90 domestic routes, with a passenger throughput of 15.7405 million. There are 142 berths in Shenzhen, including 56 berths of 10000 tons or above. The annual cargo throughput of the port is 153.5136 million tons, and the container throughput of the port is 16196800 TEUs, ranking the fourth in the world. Shenzhen has the largest land passenger port in China - Luohu port, China's largest land freight port - Huanggang port, China's second largest container port - Yantian port, China's fourth largest airport - Shenzhen International Airport, is the only city with sea, land and air ports in China.

         In the past 26 years, Shenzhen post and telecommunications industry has developed rapidly. By the end of 2005, there were 647 post offices in the city; The total capacity of fixed telephone exchange is 5.57 million and that of mobile telephone is 16.71 million; The city has 4.6528 million fixed telephone users and 12.92 million mobile phone users; On average, there are 212 telephones (including mobile phones) per 100 people.

         In the past 26 years, the level of municipal infrastructure construction in Shenzhen has been continuously improved. In 2005, the city's electricity consumption was 44.21 billion kwh; The daily supply capacity of tap water is 5.343 million tons, the total water supply is 1.395 billion tons, and the tap water popularization rate is 99.9%; At the end of the year, there were 366 large, medium and small buses in operation. At the end of the year, there were 18708 buses in operation, including 6091 buses, 2312 medium and small buses and 10305 taxis.

         In the past 26 years, the urban environment of Shenzhen has become more and more beautiful. By the end of 2005, the built-up area of the whole city was 713 square kilometers, and the green coverage rate of the built-up area was 45.0%. The urban sewage treatment rate was 60.5%, the water quality standard rate of main drinking water source reservoirs was 98.11%, and the comprehensive utilization rate of industrial solid waste was 83.39%. In 1997, Shenzhen was awarded the title of "model city of environmental protection". In 2000, Shenzhen was awarded the international "garden city" title. In 2001, Shenzhen won the "China human settlements environment" award. In 2005, it became the first batch of "national civilized cities".

Import and export trade

In the past 26 years, Shenzhen's import and export trade has made great progress. According to the statistics of the customs, the total import and export volume of the whole city in 2005 reached 182.817 billion US dollars, 3795 times that of 1979 in terms of comparable caliber, with an average annual growth of 37.3%. Among them, the total export volume was 101.518 billion US dollars, 4006 times that of 1979, with an average annual increase of 37.6%. In 2005, Shenzhen's total exports accounted for 42.6% of the total exports of the whole province, accounting for 13.3% of the country's total exports, and ranked first in China's large and medium-sized cities for 13 consecutive years.

         From the perspective of Shenzhen's export trade mode, Shenzhen's general trade export in 2005 was 16.938 billion US dollars, accounting for 16.7% of the total export volume; The export of "three processing and one subsidy" trade amounted to 13.090 billion US dollars, accounting for 12.9%; The import processing trade was 62.362 billion US dollars, accounting for 61.4%. In terms of the market distribution of Shenzhen's exports, Hong Kong, the United States and the new European Union ranked among the top three, accounting for 44.4%, 21.6% and 11.7% in 2005. In terms of the composition of export products, Shenzhen's export trade is dominated by manufactured goods, of which mechanical and electrical products account for 74.4% of the total export volume. The export volume of high-tech products accounted for 46.4% of the total exports.